Increased peeling of skin cells from the scalp. May be caused by injury and bad nutrition. Overuse of shampoo and perms may worsen the condition. Large productions and chronic condition may be caused by eczema or fungal growth.

Dandruff located in the scalp can only be found in connection with hair growth; it is not seen in bold people. Dandruff consists of small flakes of dead skin cells which are located in the hair and fall down on the clothes which are blemished. It is often accompanied by itching and a red and irritated scalp. The condition arises when the skin cells divide too quickly and are being rejected in flakes. It is usually worst in the winter. The cause may be a specific kind of fungus.

Pityrosporum ovale
A lot of people are being infected with this yeast fungus during puberty. The fungus normally leads a peaceful life as a natural part of the skin’s environment. It thrives in warm, humid, and greasy surroundings. It can typically be found in the scalp, face, and cleavage and thrives best in greasy places. It also thrives on greasy shampoos. If the fungus has too good growth conditions, maybe on account of an increased production of sebum, it changes character and grows down into the epidermis. It presents itself as white spots in the skin and an increased production of dandruff.

Stress has a tendency to worsen skin problems.

Greasy hair
Can be caused by hormonal imbalances. See "Skin problems".


General advice on disease prevention and a healthy lifestyle can be found in the library article "General Advice - for healthy as well as for ill ones" in the VitaHealth section under Focus Articles. You can also test your health by taking our "Health Check".

Avoid stress and as far as possible avoid sugar and sweets. Be especially attentive to not being deficient in:
  • B vitamins – especially B6
  • Selenium
  • Zinc
  • Omega 3, fish oil
Use a mild shampoo or a children’s shampoo that does not irritate the scalp and thereby worsen the problem.

Greasy dandruff

Burdock and olive
Massage your scalp daily with burdock root oil, Arctium lappa, or olive oil. These oils will make the dandruff loosen and – among other things – contain active substances that counteract fungal growth. Let the oil set before washing it out.

Tea Tree oil
Wash your hair every or every other day and add a couple of drops of Tea Tree oil to the amount of shampoo that you normally use. Tea Tree oil inhibits fungal infection.

Wash your hair in vinegar and massage your scalp for a few minutes and then wash your hair with a mild shampoo. Repeat this every day until the dandruff have disappeared.

Dry dandruff

Nettle and horsetail
After washing your hair, rinse your hair in a tea made of nettle, Urtica dioica, or horsetail, Equisetum arvense. Let your hair dry without rinsing with water.

Take a daily supplement of essential fatty acids and as far as possible avoid sugar.


Also see "Cradle cap" and "Hair Problems - Hair Loss"".

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